史上最全最简单的acme.sh自动申请ssl证书的各种场景应用典范

史上最全最简单的acme.sh自动申请ssl证书的各种场景应用典范

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2022-03-19 / 1 评论 / 308 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...

前言

说实话,在写这篇博文前我对acme脚本也只是停留在“小白”阶段,真正各种应用申请模式一窍不通。在网站域名续签SSL证书和科学上网搭建HTTPS安全通道时,学好acme脚本太重要了!本文以最全最简单通俗易懂的语言描述acme各种申请场景的应用,如果你只对一种最热门最简单快速申请感兴趣,可以直接点击“DNS API模式”应用。如果你希望系统学习,建议看完整篇文章领悟后再也不用到处谷歌了,文章对你有用,不妨点赞转发收藏。
申请条件:1,一级域名一个(如:yugogogogo.ml);2:vps一台;
申请目标:多域名单证书,如:二级泛域名单证书(演示域名:*.yugogogogo.ml),即一个证书通用所有域下二级域名。

安装Acme.sh脚本

获取并安装的命令:

cd /root
curl https://get.acme.sh | sh -s [email protected]

安装失败可能是vps没有安装curl,不会的朋友可以谷歌一下。
安装过程演示如下:

% Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
 
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100   937    0   937    0     0   3222      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--  3419
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  205k  100  205k    0     0   839k      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--  840k
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:52 CST 2021] Installing from online archive.
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:52 CST 2021] Downloading https://github.com/acmesh-official/acme.sh/archive/master.tar.gz
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] Extracting master.tar.gz
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] It is recommended to install socat first.
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] We use socat for standalone server if you use standalone mode.
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] If you don't use standalone mode, just ignore this warning.
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] Installing to /root/.acme.sh
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] Installed to /root/.acme.sh/acme.sh
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] Installing alias to '/root/.bashrc'
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] OK, Close and reopen your terminal to start using acme.sh
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] Installing alias to '/root/.cshrc'
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] Installing alias to '/root/.tcshrc'
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] Installing cron job
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:53 CST 2021] Good, bash is found, so change the shebang to use bash as preferred.
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:54 CST 2021] OK
[Wed Apr 21 15:11:54 CST 2021] Install success!

在生成证书之前,请先安装依赖程序socat,

#Centos安装命令:
yum -y install socat
#debian
apt install socat

生成证书

在生成证书前,需要验证域名所有权,一旦验证成功即可颁发证书,目前验证方式存在多样性,本文进行科学分类,便于大家理解记忆:

Web服务器验证

这种http验证需要在服务器上安装有Web服务,通常使用最多的是Apache,Nginx组件提供Web服务。
1,若是Nginx服务器,http验证如下:(请把下面的mydomain.com更换为自己的域名再执行)

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --issue  -d mydomain.com   --nginx

2,若是Apache服务器,http验证如下:(请把下面的mydomain.com更换为自己的域名再执行)

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --issue  -d mydomain.com   --apache

注意, 无论是 apache 还是 nginx 模式, acme.sh在完成验证之后, 会恢复到之前的状态, 都不会私自更改你本身的配置. 好处是你不用担心配置被搞坏, 也有一个缺点, 你需要自己配置 ssl 的配置, 否则只能成功生成证书, 你的网站还是无法访问https. 但是为了安全, 你还是自己手动改配置吧.
3,若是其他web服务器,http 方式需要在你的网站根目录下放置一个文件, 来验证你的域名所有权,完成验证. 然后就可以生成证书了.http验证命令如下:(请把下面的mydomain.com更换为自己的域名再执行)

非Web服务器验证

DNS API模式

这是首选主流方式,理由:1,免安装Web服务验证;2,设置简单,3,到期自动续签。
各主流DNS(CF,DNSPOD,CloudXNS,GoDaddy) API自动验证命令请点击此处浏览。
这里使用最热门的CF平台演示:
设置代码如下:

#以下填写CF账户的API密匙和自己的账户邮箱,API密匙在账户个人资料API令牌的Global API Key
export CF_Key="43a02288d910ac45241b679bfed5b17fe3937"
export CF_Email="[email protected]"
#使用以下命令申请证书,注意修改为自己的域名再执行
~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --issue --dns dns_cf -d yugogogogo.ml -d *.yugogogogo.ml

安装过程演示如下:

[Wed Apr 21 15:17:58 CST 2021] Renew: 'yugogogogo.ml'
[Wed Apr 21 15:17:58 CST 2021] 'yugogogogo.ml' is not an issued domain, skip.
[[email protected] ~]# ~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --issue --dns dns_cf -d yugogogogo.ml -d *.yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:42 CST 2021] Using CA: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:42 CST 2021] Create account key ok.
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:43 CST 2021] Registering account: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:43 CST 2021] Registered
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:43 CST 2021] ACCOUNT_THUMBPRINT='qPwLs4G_JghvrVtDCUSiIIkVQTa4hHMmmyUR8C3eZVY'
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:43 CST 2021] Creating domain key
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:43 CST 2021] The domain key is here: /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/yugogogogo.ml.key
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:43 CST 2021] Multi domain='DNS:yugogogogo.ml,DNS:*.yugogogogo.ml'
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:43 CST 2021] Getting domain auth token for each domain
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:44 CST 2021] Getting webroot for domain='yugogogogo.ml'
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:45 CST 2021] Getting webroot for domain='*.yugogogogo.ml'
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:45 CST 2021] Adding txt value: 1QsyHlz0mjlTKcDgmjfrIs5CwvIEys9D54soKldKPqU for domain:  _acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:46 CST 2021] Adding record
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:46 CST 2021] Added, OK
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:46 CST 2021] The txt record is added: Success.
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:46 CST 2021] Adding txt value: NHsRhnpsiWKLTGpZJZI23CfX2Ztk9KQSsIwCVefGaNo for domain:  _acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:47 CST 2021] Adding record
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:47 CST 2021] Added, OK
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:47 CST 2021] The txt record is added: Success.
[Wed Apr 21 15:23:47 CST 2021] Let's check each DNS record now. Sleep 20 seconds first.
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:08 CST 2021] You can use '--dnssleep' to disable public dns checks.
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:08 CST 2021] See: https://github.com/acmesh-official/acme.sh/wiki/dnscheck
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:08 CST 2021] Checking yugogogogo.ml for _acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:09 CST 2021] Domain yugogogogo.ml '_acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml' success.
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:09 CST 2021] Checking yugogogogo.ml for _acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:09 CST 2021] Domain yugogogogo.ml '_acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml' success.
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:09 CST 2021] All success, let's return
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:09 CST 2021] Verifying: yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:12 CST 2021] Success
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:12 CST 2021] Verifying: *.yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:14 CST 2021] Success
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:14 CST 2021] Removing DNS records.
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:15 CST 2021] Removing txt: 1QsyHlz0mjlTKcDgmjfrIs5CwvIEys9D54soKldKPqU for domain: _acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:16 CST 2021] Removed: Success
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:16 CST 2021] Removing txt: NHsRhnpsiWKLTGpZJZI23CfX2Ztk9KQSsIwCVefGaNo for domain: _acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:17 CST 2021] Removed: Success
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:17 CST 2021] Verify finished, start to sign.
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:17 CST 2021] Lets finalize the order.
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:17 CST 2021] Le_OrderFinalize='https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/acme/finalize/120112302/9199888471'
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:18 CST 2021] Downloading cert.
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:18 CST 2021] Le_LinkCert='https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/acme/cert/03677bb7ec9522bb7b18baa05ef98ef6a100'
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:18 CST 2021] Cert success.
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:18 CST 2021] Your cert is in  /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/yugogogogo.ml.cer 
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:18 CST 2021] Your cert key is in  /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/yugogogogo.ml.key 
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:18 CST 2021] The intermediate CA cert is in  /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/ca.cer 
[Wed Apr 21 15:24:18 CST 2021] And the full chain certs is there:  /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/fullchain.cer

以上就是整个成功获取SSL证书的信息,上面第第72,74行突亮行则显示证书和key存放路径位置。

DNS 手动模式

**手动 dns 方式, 手动在域名上添加一条 txt 解析记录, 验证域名所有权。
**警告:不能自动续签,证书到期依然手动申请,很麻烦,建议使用dns api模式申请,可以自动续签。
这里使用yugogogogo.ml为例演示.
第一步骤:

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --issue -d yugogogogo.ml --dns --yes-I-know-dns-manual-mode-enough-go-ahead-please

acme.sh会在本地vps为域名自动生成验证信息,如下图信息:
img
第二步骤:然后到CF平台DNS管理页面,在其yugogogogo.ml域名管理页面,(上图所示:从acme脚本获取TXT验证信息,复制粘贴到DNS添加解析记录相应位置,)
如果解析信息与本地acme.sh生成信息不一致或解析不成功,执行~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --renew -d yugogogogo.ml --yes-I-know-dns-manual-mode-enough-go-ahead-please就会出现下图报错信息,无法获取ssl证书:
img
所以,请务必保证配置解析记录信息与acme.sh生成的TXT信息一致。
这里附上DNS管理页面添加记录图示:
img

然后回到VPS终端,使用以下命令验证域名解析。(注意:复制粘贴命令前先修改为自己的域名)

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --renew -d yugogogogo.ml --yes-I-know-dns-manual-mode-enough-go-ahead-please

安装过程演示如下:

[[email protected] ~]# acme.sh --renew -d yugogogogo.ml --yes-I-know-dns-manual-mode-enough-go-ahead-please
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:37 EDT 2021] Renew: 'yugogogogo.ml'
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:37 EDT 2021] Using CA: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:37 EDT 2021] Single domain='yugogogogo.ml'
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:38 EDT 2021] Getting domain auth token for each domain
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] Getting webroot for domain='yugogogogo.ml'
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] Add the following TXT record:
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] Domain: '_acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml'
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] TXT value: 'ZZzj7EM8pDjGRRB6ehgbZktqqBbbNav5jNwxS_0XVgU'
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] Please be aware that you prepend _acme-challenge. before your domain
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] so the resulting subdomain will be: _acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] Please add the TXT records to the domains, and re-run with --renew.
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] Please add '--debug' or '--log' to check more details.
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] See: https://github.com/acmesh-official/acme.sh/wiki/How-to-debug-acme.sh
[Fri Apr 23 03:29:39 EDT 2021] The dns manual mode can not renew automatically, you must issue it again manually. You'd better use the other modes instead.
[[email protected] ~]# acme.sh --renew -d yugogogogo.ml --yes-I-know-dns-manual-mode-enough-go-ahead-please
[Fri Apr 23 03:30:59 EDT 2021] Renew: 'yugogogogo.ml'
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:00 EDT 2021] Using CA: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:00 EDT 2021] Single domain='yugogogogo.ml'
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:00 EDT 2021] Getting domain auth token for each domain
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:00 EDT 2021] Verifying: yugogogogo.ml
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:03 EDT 2021] Success
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:03 EDT 2021] Verify finished, start to sign.
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:03 EDT 2021] Lets finalize the order.
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:03 EDT 2021] Le_OrderFinalize='https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/acme/finalize/105364839/9241223490'
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:04 EDT 2021] Downloading cert.
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:04 EDT 2021] Le_LinkCert='https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/acme/cert/03a3d1d0ee59a2d6c98d6bbfc658f39dc82f'
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:05 EDT 2021] Cert success.
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:05 EDT 2021] Your cert is in  /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/yugogogogo.ml.cer 
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:05 EDT 2021] Your cert key is in  /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/yugogogogo.ml.key 
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:05 EDT 2021] The intermediate CA cert is in  /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/ca.cer 
[Fri Apr 23 03:31:05 EDT 2021] And the full chain certs is there:  /root/.acme.sh/yugogogogo.ml/fullchain.cer 

以上就是整个成功获取SSL证书的信息,上面第8行,_acme-challenge.yugogogogo.ml的_acme-challenge需要设置到DNS记录的名称里,第9行的ZZzj7EM8pDjGRRB6ehgbZktqqBbbNav5jNwxS_0XVgU复制粘贴到DNS记录的内容里。而第59,61行突亮行则显示证书存放路径。
若你仍然申请失败,可以重复执行acme.sh --renew -d yugogogogo.ml --yes-I-know-dns-manual-mode-enough-go-ahead-please命令尝试获取直到成功。

独立模式

若你还没有运行任何web 服务, 并且80 端口是空闲的, 那么 acme.sh 还能假装自己是一个webserver, 临时听在80 端口, 完成验证:

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh  --issue -d mydomain.com   --standalone

安装证书

前面成功获取证书,接下来需要把证书 copy 到真正需要用它的地方.
注意:默认生成的证书都放在安装目录下: ~/.acme.sh/, 请不要直接使用此目录下的文件, 例如: 不要直接让 nginx/apache 的配置文件使用这下面的文件. 这里面的文件都是内部使用, 而且目录结构可能会变化.
正确的使用方法是使用 –install-cert 命令,并指定目标位置, 然后证书文件会被copy到相应的位置, 例如:
Nginx example:

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --install-cert -d example.com \
--key-file       /path/to/keyfile/in/nginx/key.pem  \
--fullchain-file /path/to/fullchain/nginx/cert.pem \
--reloadcmd     "service nginx force-reload"

Apache example:

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --install-cert -d example.com \
--cert-file      /path/to/certfile/in/apache/cert.pem  \
--key-file       /path/to/keyfile/in/apache/key.pem  \
--fullchain-file /path/to/fullchain/certfile/apache/fullchain.pem \
--reloadcmd     "service apache2 force-reload"

(温馨提醒, 这里用的是 service nginx force-reload, 不是 service nginx reload, 据测试, reload 并不会重新加载证书, 所以用的 force-reload)
Nginx 的配置 ssl_certificate 使用 /etc/nginx/ssl/fullchain.cer ,而非 /etc/nginx/ssl/.cer ,否则 SSL Labs 的测试会报 Chain issues Incomplete 错误。
–install-cert命令可以携带很多参数, 来指定目标文件. 并且可以指定 reloadcmd, 当证书更新以后, reloadcmd会被自动调用,让服务器生效.
详细参数请参考: https://github.com/Neilpang/acme.sh#3-install-the-issued-cert-to-apachenginx-etc
这里以Nginx为例演示安装命令:

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --installcert -d yugogogogo.ml --key-file /root/cert/private.key --fullchain-file /root/cert/cert.crt
chmod -R 755 /root/cert

过程演示:

[Wed Apr 21 15:27:15 CST 2021] Installing key to:/root/cert/private.key
[Wed Apr 21 15:27:15 CST 2021] Installing full chain to:/root/cert/cert.crt

自动更新脚本

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --upgrade --auto-upgrade

查看证书有效期:

~/.acme.sh/acme.sh --list
Main_Domain  KeyLength  SAN_Domains   CA               Created                       Renew
yugogogogo.ml   ""         *.yugogogogo.ml  LetsEncrypt.org  Wed Apr 21 07:24:18 UTC 2021  Sun Jun 20 07:24:18 UTC 2021

部署证书

部署证书顾名思义,将安装好的证书部署到需要用到的各项应用中,比如Nginx,就需要配置到Nginx配置信息SSL证书路径。太简单,网上太多我就不写了。

后记

误区一:acme.sh安装完毕具有证书到期自动续签功能,如果发现网站证书到期未更新,是因为网站服务器未及时加载有效证书文件。需要重新加载。Nginx重载命令:nginx -s reload Apache命令:apachectl -k graceful

查看SSL证书第三方平台:https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/analyze.html?d=www.yugogogogo.ml,复制把域名改成自己的。

acme.sh 脚本参数解释

Usage: acme.sh  command ...[parameters]....
Commands:
  --help, -h               Show this help message.
  --version, -v            Show version info.
  --install                Install acme.sh to your system.
  --uninstall              Uninstall acme.sh, and uninstall the cron job.
  --upgrade                Upgrade acme.sh to the latest code from https://github.com/Neilpang/acme.sh.
  --issue                  Issue a cert.
  --signcsr                Issue a cert from an existing csr.
  --deploy                 Deploy the cert to your server.
  --install-cert           Install the issued cert to apache/nginx or any other server.
  --renew, -r              Renew a cert.
  --renew-all              Renew all the certs.
  --revoke                 Revoke a cert.
  --remove                 Remove the cert from list of certs known to acme.sh.
  --list                   List all the certs.
  --showcsr                Show the content of a csr.
  --install-cronjob        Install the cron job to renew certs, you don't need to call this. The 'install' command can automatically install the cron job.
  --uninstall-cronjob      Uninstall the cron job. The 'uninstall' command can do this automatically.
  --cron                   Run cron job to renew all the certs.
  --toPkcs                 Export the certificate and key to a pfx file.
  --toPkcs8                Convert to pkcs8 format.
  --update-account         Update account info.
  --register-account       Register account key.
  --deactivate-account     Deactivate the account.
  --create-account-key     Create an account private key, professional use.
  --create-domain-key      Create an domain private key, professional use.
  --createCSR, -ccsr       Create CSR , professional use.
  --deactivate             Deactivate the domain authz, professional use.

Parameters:
  --domain, -d   domain.tld         Specifies a domain, used to issue, renew or revoke etc.
  --challenge-alias domain.tld      The challenge domain alias for DNS alias mode: https://github.com/Neilpang/acme.sh/wiki/DNS-alias-mode
  --domain-alias domain.tld         The domain alias for DNS alias mode: https://github.com/Neilpang/acme.sh/wiki/DNS-alias-mode
  --force, -f                       Used to force to install or force to renew a cert immediately.
  --staging, --test                 Use staging server, just for test.
  --debug                           Output debug info.
  --output-insecure                 Output all the sensitive messages. By default all the credentials/sensitive messages are hidden from the output/debug/log for secure.
  --webroot, -w  /path/to/webroot   Specifies the web root folder for web root mode.
  --standalone                      Use standalone mode.
  --stateless                       Use stateless mode, see: https://github.com/Neilpang/acme.sh/wiki/Stateless-Mode
  --apache                          Use apache mode.
  --dns [dns_cf|dns_dp|dns_cx|/path/to/api/file]   Use dns mode or dns api.
  --dnssleep  [120]                  The time in seconds to wait for all the txt records to take effect in dns api mode. Default 120 seconds.

  --keylength, -k [2048]            Specifies the domain key length: 2048, 3072, 4096, 8192 or ec-256, ec-384.
  --accountkeylength, -ak [2048]    Specifies the account key length.
  --log    [/path/to/logfile]       Specifies the log file. The default is: "/root/.acme.sh/acme.sh.log" if you don't give a file path here.
  --log-level 1|2                   Specifies the log level, default is 1.
  --syslog [0|3|6|7]                Syslog level, 0: disable syslog, 3: error, 6: info, 7: debug.

  These parameters are to install the cert to nginx/apache or anyother server after issue/renew a cert:

  --cert-file                       After issue/renew, the cert will be copied to this path.
  --key-file                        After issue/renew, the key will be copied to this path.
  --ca-file                         After issue/renew, the intermediate cert will be copied to this path.
  --fullchain-file                  After issue/renew, the fullchain cert will be copied to this path.

  --reloadcmd "service nginx reload" After issue/renew, it's used to reload the server.

  --server SERVER                   ACME Directory Resource URI. (default: https://acme-v01.api.letsencrypt.org/directory)
  --accountconf                     Specifies a customized account config file.
  --home                            Specifies the home dir for acme.sh .
  --cert-home                       Specifies the home dir to save all the certs, only valid for '--install' command.
  --config-home                     Specifies the home dir to save all the configurations.
  --useragent                       Specifies the user agent string. it will be saved for future use too.
  --accountemail                    Specifies the account email, only valid for the '--install' and '--update-account' command.
  --accountkey                      Specifies the account key path, only valid for the '--install' command.
  --days                            Specifies the days to renew the cert when using '--issue' command. The max value is 60 days.
  --httpport                        Specifies the standalone listening port. Only valid if the server is behind a reverse proxy or load balancer.
  --local-address                   Specifies the standalone/tls server listening address, in case you have multiple ip addresses.
  --listraw                         Only used for '--list' command, list the certs in raw format.
  --stopRenewOnError, -se           Only valid for '--renew-all' command. Stop if one cert has error in renewal.
  --insecure                        Do not check the server certificate, in some devices, the api server's certificate may not be trusted.
  --ca-bundle                       Specifies the path to the CA certificate bundle to verify api server's certificate.
  --ca-path                         Specifies directory containing CA certificates in PEM format, used by wget or curl.
  --nocron                          Only valid for '--install' command, which means: do not install the default cron job. In this case, the certs will not be renewed automatically.
  --no-color                        Do not output color text.
  --ecc                             Specifies to use the ECC cert. Valid for '--install-cert', '--renew', '--revoke', '--toPkcs' and '--createCSR'
  --csr                             Specifies the input csr.
  --pre-hook                        Command to be run before obtaining any certificates.
  --post-hook                       Command to be run after attempting to obtain/renew certificates. No matter the obtain/renew is success or failed.
  --renew-hook                      Command to be run once for each successfully renewed certificate.
  --deploy-hook                     The hook file to deploy cert
  --ocsp-must-staple, --ocsp        Generate ocsp must Staple extension.
  --always-force-new-domain-key     Generate new domain key when renewal. Otherwise, the domain key is not changed by default.
  --auto-upgrade   [0|1]            Valid for '--upgrade' command, indicating whether to upgrade automatically in future.
  --listen-v4                       Force standalone/tls server to listen at ipv4.
  --listen-v6                       Force standalone/tls server to listen at ipv6.
  --openssl-bin                     Specifies a custom openssl bin location.
  --use-wget                        Force to use wget, if you have both curl and wget installed.
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  1. 头像
    Mr.Tlyer
    Windows 10 · Google Chrome

    NAS上应该也能部署

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